In horticulture, a tree is usually an evergreen perennial plant with an upright stem, or branch, supporting numerous leaves and twigs in all species. In some horticulture, the word tree can be narrowed down to just the primary stem of a single plant, while in other usages the definition of a true tree can be quite broad, including just woody vegetation with no accompanying aerial leaves or roots. When we refer to a type of tree, we generally mean both a living and non-living type. Some examples of living trees include bamboo, cedar, grapevines, pine, and spruce.
There are many types of trees, so it’s not surprising that horticulture terms such as a tree, shrub, bush, forest tree, broadleaf tree, ornamental tree, and forest tree are often used interchangeably. But when used to refer specifically to one particular species, the actual name of the genus and species can help determine which species a term refers to. In this article, we’ll discuss six common types of trees you’ll find growing in North America.
Shade tolerant trees are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves in the autumn and bloom again in the spring. Most types of shade-tolerant trees are the Mediterranean in origin, with the exception of the California Redwood. Trees in the shade categories include Columbines, Cypress, Pinus sylvestris, and Scablosia pachyderma. The foliage on these types of trees tends to drop more than the crown, with the exception of the needles which rarely drop at all.
Apple trees are large trees and fall under the category of trees known as woody shrubs. However, the most well-known species of apple trees are the Delicious and Golden Delicious. The Delicious is the largest, and the second most popular variety of apple in the United States. These large trees grow in many states across the country, especially in the southern part of the country. The Golden Delicious, with a width of nearly five feet, is also a popular variety of apple trees.
Hickory trees are among the tallest and heaviest varieties of trees in the U.S. Even though hickory trees grow to be very tall, they do not require much maintenance or pruning because of their very dense foliage. This makes them ideal for use as shade trees. They are commonly found in several states in the northeast and along the Great Lakes region. There are also some parts of the Midwest, where they grow in clusters.
One type of tree you might encounter growing in the north is the cold-hardy cherry tree. Cold-hardy cherry trees are perfect for people who live in northernmost US states or those who have very cold climates. These trees are known for their ability to endure cold winter seasons. Their thick bark is also capable of withstanding temperatures around zero. Cherry trees also grow well in some outlying rural areas of the states.
Other types of trees that grow well in the southern part of the US include the sugarberry tree, the black oak tree, and the rhododendron. Some species of these species grow in southern states like North Carolina. The Sugarberry tree has brown leaves and has grayish to purple flowers. The Black Oaktree has gray to black branches, and the rhododendron has gray and white leaves.
If you want to know more about the types of trees in your local area, you can refer to the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. This guide provides an overview of the various types of trees and their planting locations in the United States. You can also find other important information on the types of trees in your local area on the USDA website. By consulting this guide, you can identify the right types of trees to plant in your landscape.